Angioplasty is a treatment for opening clogged arteries in the heart. Angioplasty treatment uses a small balloon catheter that is inserted into a blocked blood artery to help it open and boost the heart’s blood flow.
Angioplasty is also paired with a small wire mesh loop, called a stent. The stent tends to open up the artery, reducing the chance to close again. Most stents are filled with medication (drug-eluting stents) to help hold the artery open. Bare-metal stents may also be used.
Angioplasty can improve blocked artery symptoms such as angina and shortness of breath. During a heart attack, angioplasty is most frequently used to rapidly open a blocked artery and minimize the amount of heart damage.
9 Ways to Keep Your Heart Healthy After an Angioplasty Treatment
Eat a heart-smart diet
The American Heart Association suggests reducing saturated fat to no more than 5 to 6 percent of your daily calories in order to reduce your health risks. Try to limit your intake of trans fat, sodium (salt), as well as added sugars.
Add fish on the menu
Not all dietary fat is bad for your health. e Omega-3 fatty acid compounds are the kind of healthy fat found in fish that may significantly improve heart health. The American Heart Association suggests that fish should be consumed at least two days a week. You may want to ask your doctor about supplements with omega-3, too.
Stay physically active
Being physically active allows you to control high blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, and all factors that can make atherosclerosis worse. Ask your doctor which workout forms are safe for you. When you engage in cardiac rehabilitation, the recovery team will be able to develop an activity schedule that is customized to your needs.
Warm up and cool down
When exercising put your health first. Warm up beforehand with minimum activity of 5 to 10 minutes. This slowly increases your heart rate and reduces your heart pressure. It’s getting the muscles ready to work too. Cool down with a few minutes of easy walking and gentle stretches afterward.
Scale back your weight
Slimming down may reduce your blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels, if you are overweight. After falling as little as 5 to 10 percent of your body weight, you will start seeing the health benefits. Ask your doctor or cardiac rehabilitation team to help you set your short- and long-term goals for healthy weight loss.
Smoking may damage your blood vessels and increase cholesterol levels and blood pressure. If you’re a smoker, giving up the habit is one of the best things for your well-being that you can do. You can also call a professional counselor’s smoking prevention hotlines for free advice and support. Consult your doctor about medicines which could help.
Tune in to your feelings
Depression is much more common to people with heart disease including patients with angioplasty. The relation appears psychological as well as physiological. Depression, if left untreated, can cause worse heart attacks. Pay close attention to how it feels. If you’re constantly down or disinterested in things you once loved, talk to your doctor.
Keep stress in check
Effectively handling stress will improve your overall wellness and fitness. This also makes other positive lifestyle improvements easier to adhere to. Learn various techniques to help you cope with stressful circumstances. Practice taking deep breaths, going for a walk, doing some yoga, listening to calming music or calling a good friend.
Get a good night’s sleep
One research found that angioplasty patients who slept poorly were at increased risk over the next four years of having another operation. Stick to a daily bedtime every night for sounder snoozing and avoid alcohol, caffeine and major evening meals. If you still have trouble sleeping, talk to your doctor about the problem.